The previous article talked about the importance of fragmented reading, but there may still be some questions for many people.
Since it is fragmented reading, after I finish reading, can I absorb the essence of the book?
In fact, in the last article on fragmented reading, I mentioned the importance of the concept card made by Teacher Mc Mark. Because even if a book has many points of view, it is the relationship between concepts and concepts.
We can write the definition of the concept and related information on the concept card, and attach diagrams or examples to help us understand.
Then there is another question, how do we extract valuable concepts?
As mentioned in Onion Reading, concepts can be extracted from three places: book titles, beginning and ending keywords, and recurring unfamiliar words.
Teacher Mc Mark mentioned in the course that the title of the book is a place for concept extraction. For example, the title of the book “Black Swan” and “Anti-fragility” is a concept. After reading, we extract the concept card.
Beginning and ending keywords
Then there are the keywords at the beginning and the end. Non-fiction writing generally has a total-point-total structure, which is a pyramid structure. So the beginning and the end of the book condense the author’s core views.
These places must be read carefully and valuable information can be extracted.
The last one is the recurring strange words.
Take the “Poor Charlie Collection” that I recently read as an example. During my self-study this morning, I wrote “Decision Tree Theory” and “Shuanggui Analysis Theory”.
Write the name of the concept on the front of the “Decision Tree Theory”, and then write the explanation of the concept in the book and the page number of the relevant examples. Because there is no related diagram in the book, I left a relatively large space below for future supplements. .
The “Double Rule Analysis Theory” is a bit nonstandard, because I forgot to write the name of the card on the back of the card.
These two keywords are unfamiliar words that have appeared several times, and they are also very important concepts in Munger’s investment philosophy, so I will write them down.
After extracting the keywords, how to internalize the knowledge into your own?
There are also three methods here: association method, graphic method, and Feynman learning method.
Relevance method, I often use this in my studies. When I read “Thinking, Fast and Slow”, because the book is a bit obscure, but a book that is particularly beneficial to my various decisions, I will Combine the cognitive biases mentioned in the book with the examples in life and learning, and then output your own perceptions.
In this way, I have a deeper understanding of many cognitive errors.
The graphic method is mainly to show the relationship between the concepts in the book or the relationship between different parts.
In fact, to some extent, Tony Bozan’s mind map and Mindmap or flow chart can be regarded as graphical methods. Of course, other graphics can also be used to express their hierarchical, association, process, and collection relationships.
In fact, the most important thing is to facilitate our understanding.
Feynman Learning Method
The core content of Feynman’s learning method is: choose a concept, explain the concept, and find that you can’t explain it or don’t explain it clearly, then go back to check the information and come back to explain until you can explain it proficiently. Try analogies during the explanation process, and the language should be as simple as possible Easy to understand.
According to different books or different concepts, we can keep many important concepts in the books and their relationships in mind, so next time we want to use them, the brain will link faster.
In this way, it is not easy to read a book for a month, and finally can’t remember the situation after reading anything.